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The Wonderful World of Color PT.8: Sapphire

Written by rdjadmin On September 1, 2017.

As we enter September where the heat of summer begins to wane, and the cool winds of fall start to make their ways into our lives.  The colors of our wardrobe shifts, making Sapphire a perfect companion gem to match those new outfits.When you think of the word Sapphire, the color blue is probably the first thing that comes to mind, but did you know that Sapphire comes in every color of the rainbow, except for red?

Let me explain, Corundum is the species of gemstone that includes the varieties: Sapphire and Ruby. Surprise! Rubies and Sapphires are almost identical! It is only miniscule amounts of different trace elements in their chemical makeup that dictate the color of Corundum transforming it from it’s pure state, which is transparent, into the deep blues and commanding reds we are used to seeing in Sapphires and Rubies as well as every other hue imaginable. When the term Sapphire is used by itself, in jewelry world, it is assumed to be referring to the blue color. When corundum falls within a specific range of hue, tone and saturation it is called Ruby. To specify every other color, the color description is followed by the term Sapphire. For example Yellow Sapphire, Green Sapphire, Orange Sapphire and so on. If  red or reddish corundum is close to that “ruby zone” but is to light in saturation, it is Pink Sapphire. If it contains too much yellow, it’s Orange Sapphire and if it’s tone is dark it could end up being Brown Sapphire.

3.08 ct. blue Kashmir sapphire. Unheated, cushion, antique mixed cut.


Sapphire comes from the Greek word “Sappheiros, which was a term used to describe Lapis Lazuli an opaque blue gemstone. In ancient Greece, blue Sapphires were given as gifts to rulers of the lands to protect them from harm and envy. With time, a Sapphire became a symbol of nobility, truth, sincerity, and faithfulness. Romanticism has always gone hand in hand with sapphire. In the 1980’s this became mainstream as Lady Diana Spencer was engaged to Prince Charles of Wales in February 1981, and her ring was a lovely 18ct blue sapphire surrounded by diamonds in 18K white gold. Many remember the wedding of Princess Di and Prince Charles; it was the closest our popular culture has had to a real life fairy tale. Her choice to use a blue Sapphire as the center stone for her ring catapulted the idea of a Sapphire as the center stone for engagement rings into the forefront of the jewelry buying public and reinvigorated the age old idea of having a colored center stone. A choice which was much more common prior to the overwhelming marketing by De Beers in the early 1900’s that Diamond was the “right” choice for an engagement ring. The ripple effect of this event is not only felt today but it is growing, fed by the fuel of the engagement of Prince William and Kate Middleton in 2011 in which Prince William used the fairy tale ring of his late mother, Princess Diana, to propose. More and more brides are desirous for something unique, “Everyone has a diamond, I want something different.” is a common statement in today’s bridal market.


Geography of Sapphire

Sapphire can be found on almost every continent, but the best quality sapphire is found in Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Australia, and Madagascar. Sapphire found outside of these primary sources, tend to be lower quality. Sapphire that is found in Kashmir has some of the deepest, intense blues in the world and set the standard against which all other blue Sapphires are measured. In today’s millennial market, there is an increasing demand for Sapphires that break from the traditional deep blue that is the standard of the industry. For example, sapphires from Montana in the United States commonly have a light saturation and tone, yielding some stones with a delightful violet color


Chemical Composition, Crystal Structure, and Physical Properties

Natural sapphire occurs when aluminum and oxygen combine to create a compound, along with color-causing trace elements. Most quality sapphire grows in silicon free environments; however, since silicon is a commonly occurring element, this makes natural sapphire relatively uncommon. In its purest form, Sapphire is colorless, but trace elements like iron, titanium, chromium, and vanadium give all colored Sapphires and Rubies their unique color. Almost all Sapphires have internal characteristics that often dictate how the stone will be cut and fashioned. They are often cut in many standard shapes like round, oval, pear, and marquise. When stones are heavily included, they are typically cut into cabochons, a smooth stone with no facets, a domed top, and a flat or slightly domed underside. Sapphires can display a phenomenon called asterism, or the star effect. This star effect can be seen gliding along the curved surface of a cabochon; the phenomenon is caused by a light source reflecting on many tiny needlelike inclusions called silk.


Sapphire Jewelry

Sapphire gives us a range of colors that allow for many astonishing designs to be created. Deep rich blue is the most common color you will see in Sapphire jewelry, but pink, purple, white, green, orange, yellow are all used in necklaces, rings, bracelets, and earrings. Padparadscha is a rare and valuable pinkish-orange sapphire that imitates the color of a lotus blossom. Some colors can be scarce and can demand a premium price. Below are just a few examples of different color sapphire rings that we have produced featuring different and varied Sapphire colors.

Wear and care of Sapphire

Sapphire has a 9-9.5 on the Moh’s scale. The Moh’s scale of mineral hardness characterizes the scratch resistance of various minerals on an exponential scale from 10 to 0. The top of the scale is Diamond at 10 and graphite at 0. Due to its exceptional hardness, sapphire is ideal for heavy everyday wear.  This is why sapphire tends to be one of the primary colored gemstones in the market today and a common go-to for engagement rings with a colored center stone.


Romance is a feeling that awakens when the person who makes you smile gets close to you. Romance is when you hear your name being called by the voice that makes you feel warm on the inside. Romance is remembering when you first meet, your first kiss. Romance can occur in many shapes, colors and forms. Sapphire is similar to romance as it provides us with a range of colors, shapes, and sizes that captivate our eyes and our hearts. So this September come experience the wonderful world of color at Diadem Jewelers.


The Truth About Creativity

Written by rdjadmin On August 31, 2017.


“I cannot write poetically, for I am no poet. I cannot make fine artistic phrases that cast light and shadow, for I am no painter. I can neither by signs nor by pantomime express my thoughts and feelings, for I am no dancer; but I can by tones, for I am a musician.” – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

This is not a post about how our custom pendants, reminiscent of musical notes, are delightful and different. Nor is it a post about how these elegantly simple necklaces can convey a warm message to a loved one that they are the song in your heart. Those things are true, but this post is more than that, it’s about what it really means to create and be creative.

Mozart is arguably the most well known composer in all of history. In summary of his own words, quoted above, Mozart knew who he was. He realized the talents and abilities he possessed were unique and he pursued them with great vigor, producing over 600 pieces in his relatively short life of thirty-five years. Every single person in this world is designed totally unique from every other soul. God as the creator and sustainer of all things, makes individuals with an unimaginable array of variety. This same God, who created the universe and everything in it Ex Nihlo or “out of nothing”, placed within the only creatures made in His image the ability to be creative.


Humans do not create, we only mimic a dim reflection of our creator, for we are unable to bring something into existence that was not already there, we are merely creative. We only borrow, imitate, and remix already existing elements. King Solomon in the book of Ecclesiastes made this point black and white, “What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done, and there is nothing new under the sun.” Ecclesiastes 1:9 ESV This is as true today as it was after the fall of man. Even in things as trivial as our clothing is easily seen as cyclical borrowing from the past to make “new” ideas and jewelry is no different.


This is not to say that a person can’t claim being original or trying to make something different or stand out. We are, after all, each individually bestowed by the Creator with a specific personality and aptitude for all sorts of things. So why wouldn’t a person strive for variety? Creativity? Mozart framed it wonderfully by linking the creative arts all together, understanding that the same things he strove to produce in his music were the same things that every artist was trying to convey in his own craft, communication that conveyed thoughts, feelings, and emotion. This is how we relate to one another as humans. Once again, we are the only created beings with these attributes to feel, empathize, collaborate, and communicate in a way that others, regardless of who they are or where they are from, can understand.


We at Diadem Jewelers, like Mozart, know who we are and we are confident in that. We are not “the next big thing” We are not a designer name that will grace the pages of well known magazines or get mentioned from the red carpet. We are a jewelry store managed and operated by individuals who are dedicated to taking care of the needs of customers. Especially the greatest need of all, salvation.

Salvation from the imminent wrath of a righteous and holy God which comes only through believing: That man is totally sinful from birth because of the curse put on all creation after Adam and Eve committed the first acts of disobedience in the garden. That man cannot earn this salvation by any work done on earth. That God being infinite in knowledge and existence made a way before even time existed for sinful man to flee eternal punishment in hell for his sins. That way is only through repentance and faith in the son of God, the one true and living savior, Jesus Christ who said, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except though me.”


Believing in faith that Christ came to earth, was born of a virgin, lived a perfect and sinless life so that he might die a death we deserved to die. That he rose three days later, ascended to Heaven and will return at any moment of time to bring his elect, adopted, chosen and beloved sons and daughters into glory and communion with him forever in Heaven. While at the same time, bringing death, destruction and punishment for all those who would reject the truth of God in unrighteousness.

Finally, that these truths have been made plain to all mankind through the world around us in a general way and conveyed to us in a special way through the written, inherent, infallible, living and active word of God, contained in only the sixty-six books which together make up the complete and unalterable truth for all of life. The Bible. This is where creativity should lead us, to stand in awe at the feet of the one who created all things for his perfect plan and purposes.


Break out the bubbly

Written by rdjadmin On August 15, 2017.

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Champagne, the ubiquitous sparkling wine that has been a centuries old symbol of opulence. It has been referenced innumerable times throughout popular culture, is a common and often integral part of many traditions and festivities, and has now moved on to being not just a staple of celebration but a statement of personality, especially when it comes to the color.

The rise in popularity of a the lightly golden hue is apparent in everything from iPhones to wedding dresses. As with most trends, the uptick in notability is usually due to a desire to be different coupled with encouragement from an outside source (like a celebrity or designer). Arguably the most influential sector driving the demand for color options in our daily lives is the fashion industry. Other sectors follow suit from car companies to home furnishings and even kitchen utensils. There is a desire to make one’s possessions align with their personal tastes. One of Henry Ford’s famed lines, “Any customer can have a car painted any color that he wants so long as it is black.” comes to mind when reflecting on color choice in culture. In Ford’s day companies were not as concerned with the personal preference of customers. Fast forward to today, where you have over forty different colors for a common household mixer, the color options for jewelry are very limited. You have three colors to choose from, white, yellow, rose or green. If you want more options you can move to a two tone piece but even then you still only have three color choices for each element. Variations of saturation can be achieved by changing the alloy of a metal but the hues remain the same.

In a recent project for a customer, she had several sentimental pieces that she wanted to utilize in creating a new piece. Most people attach a greater sentiment to the stones in a ring then they do the metal, but occasionally the memories behind the ring make metal just as important. Since this was the case for this customer we recast all of her metal into a new ring. She had some white and some yellow gold of varying karat content. Once we received the casting, set the stones, and completed the final polishing and detail work, we were smitten. We had never seen a ring with such a delicate warm appearance. Immediately we saw a resemblance to the color of champagne. So we called it, “champagne gold”.

Pictured above and below, on the far right, next to white and yellow gold the difference is stark. There is something truly unique about the color. Not only does the sentiment of the stones and metal from a family’s history make this ring very special, but now the ring takes on a totally new level of intrigue through its characteristic color.

So, break out the bubbly and let’s celebrate. Here’s a toast to jewelry that means something more than the price tag, here’s to making something new from something old and here’s to you.


Happy National Watermelon Day

Written by rdjadmin On August 3, 2017.


During the summertime we love to gather around the grill and eat our favorites meals. Burgers, hot dogs, ribs, salads, desserts, etc. One fruit that you will most likely see at almost every cookout is watermelon, the sweet and refreshing fruit that almost everyone enjoys eating. In case you did not know today is National Watermelon Day, and in the gemological world, we have our own kind of watermelon. No, you can’t eat this one, but you can enjoy wearing it to all the cookouts you attend this summer and all of the summers to come. Lets take a look at watermelon tourmaline!

Watermelon tourmaline rough crystal with two slices, from Brazil.

earring water

Watermelon tourmaline is an interesting, multi-colored variety of tourmaline. Gems are usually fashioned in thin polished slices to display the crystal’s concentric color rings. If you use your imagination, the green and white represents the rind of the watermelon and the pink represents the sweet fruit. Incredibly, the colors of watermelon tourmaline are 100% natural, a rare occurrence in nature that makes the gem highly collectible. They make pretty, unique pieces of jewelry that can make anyone smile. Stop by our store to see our pair of watermelon tourmaline, and we hope you enjoy National Watermelon Day!


The wonderful world of color PT.7: Peridot

Written by rdjadmin On August 2, 2017.

The Earth is filled with many wonders, some are vast and mysterious like the ocean, others are tall and full of intrigue like the mountains, and others hide underground waiting to be found. This month we will be looking at a stone that not only is found in the Earth’s mantle, but that can also come from outer space. This month we will talk about Peridot.



Peridot, is pronounced “Pair – eh – dough” and comes from the Arabic word faridat which means “gem”. Peridot has been around since ancient times, records indicate that peridot was mined by the Egyptians in the island of Topazos in the Red Sea. Peridot has always been associated with light by many ancient cultures, some Egyptians would set the stone in gold and wear it on their left hand to ward off evil spirits of the night. Some Hawaiian tribes believed peridot to be the dried up tears of the goddess Pele who was believed to control all the volcanoes in the islands, one of the sources of peridot is actually from volcanoes. Peridot suffered from the epidemic of mistaken identity that plagues a lot of colored gemstones, during medieval times peridot was sold as low quality emerald.


Geography of Peridot

Peridot can be found in almost every continent and the quality of peridot is high in almost all of their sources. Thailand is one of the main producers of peridot rough and you can find it in almost all the jewelry worn in that country. One of the rarest source of peridot are meteorites from outer space!


Chemical Composition, Crystal Structure and Physical Properties

Peridot is the gem variety for the mineral olivine. Most quality peridot is found as irregular nodules (a rounded rock with peridot crystals inside.) Large peridot crystals are quite rare and fetch high prices by collectors. Peridot occurs mostly in basalt rocks, a type of volcanic stone rich in magnesium and iron. Basalt rocks form after volcanic eruptions as the molten lava cools. These rocks are high in iron which helps enhance peridot’s color. Therefore basalt rocks are ideal for high quality peridot.

Photograph of a forsterite in basalt (170991) from the National Mineral Collection

Peridot Jewelry

Peridot gives a narrow brown- green to yellowish green to pure green colors, that can be enhanced when set in yellow metal which warms the color of the stone, to contrast the color designers set peridot in white metals as well. Peridot is highly doubly refractive, which means it exhibits a characteristic sparkle, making it highly attractive for designers and consumers. Peridot can be found in necklaces, rings, bracelets and earrings.



Wear and care of Peridot

Peridot has a 6.5-7 on the Moh’s scale. The Moh’s scale of mineral hardness characterizes the scratch resistance of various minerals on an exponential scale from 10 to 0. The top of the scale is Diamond at 10 and graphite at 0. Due to its fair hardness, Peridot is ideal for jewelry wear, but it should not be subjected to heavy every day wear. With the right care and the right mounting, you can create a piece that can last for decades.

color range

Peridot’s beautiful range of colors made it desirable for the elite of Europe, during the belle epoque, a period of prosperity and peace right before the outbreak of world war one. Prince Albert the son of queen Victoria, loved peridot and wore it in almost every single piece of jewelry he owned. The pastel colors, the beautiful doubling and the lore that surround this stone makes peridot a phenomenal choice for your next piece of jewelry. Next time you come in, let us show you some of the beautiful colors of peridot.


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